Gender and Development


Enhance gender equality by building a society that is pro-active and gender sensitive in regards to positive values.


  • Creating awareness on Human Rights.
  • Enhance entrepreneurial skills for self sustainability.
  • Promote access to Gender Based Violence (GBV) services for the affected.

Effects of Gender Based Violence

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that at least one in every five of the world’s female population has been physically or sexually abused at some time (Population Reference Bureau, 2001). Gender-based violence arises from the patriarchal system which since time immemorial has exerted control over women’s lives (World March of Women, 2000). Gender-based violence affects both the physical and psychological integrity of women. However subtle the violence may be in form, it has no less devastating effect. Gender-based violence can affect the female psychologically, cognitively and inter-personally.

The effects of Gender-based violence can be devastating and long lasting. They pose danger to a woman’s reproductive health and can scar a survivor psychologically, cognitively and inter-personally. A woman who experiences domestic violence and lives in an abusive relationship with her partner may be forced to become pregnant or have an abortion against her will, or her partner may knowingly expose her to a sexually transmitted infection. Bitangaro (1999:9) reported what a child psychologist says that “violence absolutely impacts on children…” A child who has undergone or witnessed violence may become withdrawn, anxious or depressed on one hand; on the other hand, the child may become aggressive and exert control over younger siblings.

Boys usually carry out the aggressive form of behavior and as adults, may beat-their spouses. The effects of sexual abuse are the exploitation of power. Young people are especially at risk and this can have lasting consequences for their sexual and productive health. The costs can include unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), physical injury and trauma. Bitangaro (1999) reported that in Uganda as in many parts of the world, a lot of stigma is attached to a woman who has been raped. The Population Reference Bureau (2000) reported the World Bank as saying that gender-based violence is heavy and health burden for women of ages 15-is as that posed by HIV, tuberculosis and infection during child birth, cancer and heart diseases. The fourth world conference on women has adopted a platform for action, which declares that “violence against women is an obstacle to the achievement of the objective of equality, development and peace” (Population Reference Bureau 2000:3)


Women in Leadership Training

It came up that there was need to enhance women participation in the political field through taking up effective leadership positions.

The target group consisted of 30 participants from Kinango and Lunga Lunga sub-counties within Kwale County. They included women who had an interest in leadership. They were drawn from aspiring politicians and women leaders. The training was meant to enhance their existing skills.

Public Forums

In partnership with MUKEMBAU CBO, PTN held a forum with the theme “Elimination of all Forms of Violence against Women.” 100 women and youth drawn from different wards of Lunga Lunga sub-county in Kwale County.

In April 2017, at Matuga Sub-county, Kwale County, there was a training dubbed “Citizens Role in the Democratic Process.”

Men: Hear Our voices Forums

Men: Hear Our Voices is a project that provide a safe space for men to discuss issues that affect their personal development with the aim of identifying ways to overcome them and enhance their productivity both at home and the society at large.

PTN has held monthly forums with regards to this from September 2018, whose theme has been “Why do men cry in the toilet?”. The topics have been dynamic however, so as to be able to cover different areas of concern.  Thus far the areas covered are Stress Management and Relationships. The nature of the forums inc-operates expertise from a life coach and a psychologist. It also promotes talent through offering a platform for performance artists to showcase their works inline with theme during the forum.

The two months have shown that these forums are essential and PTN is looking into more ways to reach out to the community at large. This involves more partnerships with institutions as well as community based organizations whose interests lie on the development of the male gender.